Posts for: February, 2016
A little nasal discomfort and sinus pain from time to time is normal. Mild inflammation of the nasal cavity and bacterial buildups due to the common cold are the most common cause of short term sinus pain, and can generally be treated with over the counter cold and flu medication. But when sinus pain and pressure persists or frequently reoccurs, it may be a sign of a sinus infection. In rarer cases, it can be a symptom of a secondary medical condition.
Signs and Symptoms of a Sinus Infection
Dr. Andrew J. Parker, an ear, nose and throat specialist in New Canaan, CT evaluates patients suffering from sinus pain on a case by case basis to determine the cause and most appropriate treatment option. Standard sinus pain caused by seasonal colds and allergies is generally treated by a combination of three treatments available over the counter: nasal spray, antihistamines, and decongestants. The products can help to reopen clogged nasal passages, treat mild to moderate allergy symptoms, and reduce phlegm and mucus congestion.
Secondary Causes of Sinus Pain and Inflammation
When nasal irritation is not a result of seasonal allergies or a common cold, it may be a symptom of an underlying medical condition. Some of the other potential causes of sinus pain and pressure include:
- Deviated septum (the membrane that separates the nostrils is displaced to one side, causing difficulty breathing and nasal obstruction)
- Nasal polyps
- Facial/nasal trauma
- Upper respiratory infections
- Secondary medical conditions, such as HIV and other immune system disorders, gastro-esophageal reflux, cystic fibrosis
Treatment will depend on the severity and source of the pain. If symptoms do not respond to over the counter medication, or if they return in fairly close succession, it may be necessary to see an New Canaan ENT specialist to rule out sinusitis or a medical condition.
Sinus Treatment in New Canaan
If you are experiencing sinus pain, congestion, or difficulty breathing, contact Parker Ear, Nose & Throat in New Canaan, CT at (203)866-8121 to schedule an appointment today.
Occasional bouts of snoring can happen to anyone and are completely normal. A blocked nasal passage due to a cold, or even a night out on the town with one too many drinks can make for a noisy night's sleep from time to time. However chronic snoring, accompanied by other symptoms during waking hours, is often a sign of a potentially serious health condition known as sleep apnea. Dr. Andrew Parker, your ENT doctor at Parker Ear Nose & Throat of Fairfield County in Norwalk and Westport, CT, is here to tell you more about this condition.
What is Sleep Apnea?
Loud snoring induced by sleep apnea occurs when a person repeatedly stops breathing for short periods of time throughout the sleep cycle. While many people with sleep apnea may be unaware their breathing is being interrupted, feeling tired and exhausted during the day in spite of getting enough sleep is a common symptom of the condition.
Although the pause in breathing may only last for seconds at a time, if left untreated, sleep apnea can result in serious health risks and complications. There are three main causes for snoring:
- Central sleep apnea - when the brain's signals to the muscles that regulate breathing during sleep are interrupted.
- Obstructive sleep apnea - when the throat muscles that control breathing involuntarily relax (this is the most common form of sleep apnea and snoring).
- Complex sleep apnea - a combination of central and obstructive sleep apnea.
Most people are initially unaware that their breathing is being interrupted throughout the night unless it is witnessed by another person. Some of the symptoms associated with the condition include:
- Waking up abruptly in the middle of the night and feeling short of breath
- Waking up with sore throat or dry mouth
- Unexplained headaches and irritability
- Trouble focusing
- Hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness throughout the day)
Treatment for Snoring in Norwalk and Westport
Excessive snoring related to sleep apnea is treated by an ear, nose, and throat specialist. Your doctor in Norwalk and Westport offers several treatment options, depending on the severity and cause of the snoring. If left untreated, regular snoring can lead to stress and problems with relationships, as well as potentially serious health risks including:
- High blood pressure
- Heart disease
Ear, Nose and Throat Specialist in Norwalk and Westport
If you are suffering from chronic snoring and experiencing symptoms of sleep apnea, contact Dr. Andrew Parker at Parker Ear, Nose & Throat in Norwalk and Westport, CT at 203-866-8121 to schedule an exam and to learn more about effective treatment options.